PERTANGGUNGJAWABAN HUKUM DALAM PENEMBAKAN PESAWAT UDARA SIPIL DITINJAU DARI ASPEK HUKUM INTERNASIONAL

Bambang Widarto

Sari


In the fact there was a shooting of a civilian by a military aircraft either with water-to-air
missiles with aircraft or ground-to-air missiles. In this paper formulated problems: How the
regulation of a country as contracting party of Chicago Convention respects for civil aviation
safety and how the Chicago Convention regulate to refrain from using weapons against civil
aircraft? The discussion also extends to how the conventions regulate respects and protection
against civil aircraft in time of war according to the law of international armed conflict (Law of
Armed Conflict); and how the provision of war crimes (war crimes) and crimes against
humanity (crimes against humanity) are related to the shooting of civil aircraft in the Rome
Statute of 1998?. Legal liability in accordance with the perpetrators of the events can be
associated with the provisions of international law which can be found in Article 3 bis Chicago
Convention of 1944, the Montreal Convention of 1971, the Beijing Convention of 2010, the
Beijing Protocol of 2010, the provisions of Crimes against humanity in the Rome Statute of
1998, and in time of war (armed conflict) may be associated with the Geneva Convention of
1944, Protocol 1 and 2, 1977, and the war crimes defined in the article 8 of Rome statute 1998

Kata Kunci


Legal liability, a shooting of civil aircraft, military aircraft

Teks Lengkap:

PDF

Referensi


Abdurrasyid, Priyatna. 1972. Kedaulatan Negara Di Ruang Udara, Jakarta: Pusat Penelitian Hukum Angkasa

_______. 2008. Beberapa Bentuk Hukum Sebagai Pengantar Menuju Indonesia Emas 2020, Jakarta: Penerbit Fikahati

Boer, Mauna. 2000. Hukum Internasional; Pengertian Peranan Fungsi Dalam Era Dinamika Global, Bandung: Alumni

Convention for the suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Civil Aviation, Montreal, September 23, 1971

Convention for the suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft, The Hague, December 16, 1970

Convention of Offences and Certain Other Acts Committed on Board of Aircraft, signed at Tokyo on September 14, 1963

Convention on International Civil Aviation, signed at Chicago on December 7, 1944

E. Suherman. 1984. Wilayah Udara dan Wilayah Dirgantara, Bandung:Penerbit Alumni

Friedman, Lawrence M. 1998.American Law, New York: Tp.

Hamzah, H. Bachtiar dan Hamid, Sulaiman. 1997. Hukum Internasional, Medan: USU Press

Parthiana, I Wayan. 1990. Pengantar Hukum Internasional, Bandung: Mandar Maju

Protocol relating to an amendement to the Convention on international Civil Aviation Signed at Montreal on May 10, 1984

Protocol Supplementary to the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft. Beijing, 2010

Starke, JG. 1999.Pengantar Hukum Internasional I, Jakarta: Sinar Grafika

The Convention on the Suppression of Unlawful Acts relating to International Civil Aviation, Beijing, 2010

The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (often referred to as the International Criminal Court Statute or the Rome Statute) is the treaty that established the International Criminal Court (ICC). It was adopted at a diplomatic conference in Rome on 17 July 1998 and it entered into force on 1 July 2002.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.35586/.v1i2.147

Article Metrics

Sari view : 144 times
PDF - 738 times

Refbacks

  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.