China's Wolf Warrior Diplomacy On Social Media In The Era Of Covid-19


  • Wiwiek Rukmi Dwi Astuti Universitas Pembangunan Nasional Veteran Jakarta
  • Raden Maisa Yudono Universitas Pembangunan Nasional Veteran Jakarta
  • Garcia Krisnando Nathanael Universitas Pembangunan Nasional Veteran Jakarta



China, COVID-19, Diplomacy, Social Media, Wolf Warrior


International communication and diplomacy are significantly influenced by development of technology and communication. The role of diplomats as frepresentatives of the country has been redefined along with public communication activities increasement through social media. This study provides an overview of China's efforts in influencing the formation of public images and opinions through social media carried out by its diplomats. Their aim is to defend China's handling of the COVID-19 pandemic and challenge anyone who questions the events about the issue. This study uses qualitative methods, providing in-depth descriptions through data collection techniques based on internet-based research. This study shows that China is trying to demonstrate hard-line diplomacy called wolf warrior diplomacy. Through social media, Chinese diplomats are seen as government agents who promote national interests of their country, which in this context is related to the COVID-19 pandemic. By acknowledging the term wolf warrior diplomacy, provocative propaganda become a diplomatic tool practiced by Chinese diplomats. China's courage in taking an unconventional approach to the concepts and practices of traditional diplomacy and international communication is seen as part of China's long-term plan.


Anshori, M. F. (2020). Diplomasi Digital Sebagai Dampak Pandemi Global Covid-19: Studi Kasus Diplomasi Indonesia Di Perserikatan Bangsa-Bangsa (Pbb). Mandala: Jurnal Ilmu Hubungan Internasional, 100-119.

Callick, R. (2020, Mei 22). Behind China’s newly aggressive diplomacy: ‘wolf warriors’ ready to fight back. Retrieved from The Conversation:

d'Hooghe, I. (2015). China's Public Diplomacy. Leiden: Koninklijke Brill NV.

Djelantik, S. (2017). Teknologi Infomarsi dan Komunikasi: Studi Kasus Diplomasi Indonesia. In S. D. (Ed.), Komunikasi Internasional dalam Era Informasi dan Perubahan Sosial di Indonesia (pp. 111-130). Bandung: Unpar Press.

Feng, Z. (2019, Desember 29). China and Twitter: The Year China Got Louder on Social Media. Retrieved from BBC:

Hagström, L., & Nordin, A. H. (2020). China's “Politics of Harmony” and the Quest for Soft Power in International Politics. International Studies Review, 22(3), 507–525. doi:

Hennida, C. (2010). Diplomasi Publik dalam Politik Luar Negeri. Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik, 2(1), 17-23.

Jowett, G. S., & O'Donnell, V. (1994). Propaganda and Persuasion: 4th Ed. London: Sage.

Kurlantzick, J. (2007). Charm Offensive: How China's Soft Power Is Transforming the World. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Lamont, C., & Boduszynski, M. P. (2020). Research Methods in Politics and International Relations. London: SAGE Publications Ltd.

Lutfi, M. (2019). Propaganda Tiongkok Terhadap Amerika Serikat Melalui Film (Analisis Isi Film Wolf Warrior II) [Unpublished bachelor’s thesis]. Surabaya: Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya.

Martha, J. (2017). Kekuatan Tiongkok melalui Media Televisi; Studi Kasus China Central Television di Afrika. In S. Djelantik, Komunikasi Internasional dalam Era Informasi dan Perubahan Sosial di Indonesia (pp. 185-206). Bandung: Unpar Press.

Nye, J. S. (2008, March 1). Public Diplomacy and Soft Power. The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 616 (1), 94–109.

Reuters. (2019, December 4). China demands 'fighting spirit' from diplomats as trade war, Hong Kong protests simmer. Retrieved from Reuters:

Schiffbauer, L. (2017, Februari 8). International Communications. Retrieved from YouTube:

Shambaugh, D. (2007). China's Propaganda System: Institutions, Processes and Efficacy. The China Journal, 57, 25-58.

Wen, Y. (2021). Branding and Legitimation: China’s Party Diplomacy amid the COVID-19 Pandemic. The China Review, 21(1), 55–89.

Zhong, R., Krolik, A., Mozur, P., Bergman, R., & Wong, E. (2020, Juni 8). Behind China’s Twitter Campaign, a Murky Supporting Chorus. Retrieved from The New York Times:




How to Cite

Astuti, W. R. D., Yudono, R. M., & Nathanael, G. K. (2021). China’s Wolf Warrior Diplomacy On Social Media In The Era Of Covid-19. Mandala: Jurnal Ilmu Hubungan Internasional, 4(2), 120–138.