Diplomasi Digital Sebagai Dampak Pandemi Global Covid-19: Studi Kasus Diplomasi Indonesia Di Perserikatan Bangsa-Bangsa (Pbb)

Muhammad Fikry Anshori

Abstract


The background of this article is the existence of a global pandemic COVID-19 which has an impact in various fields. This article seeks to explore the impact of the COVID-19 global pandemic on information and communications technology (ICT) in the form of digital diplomacy. Exploration is carried out by investigating the case of Indonesian diplomacy at the United Nations (UN) in March, April, and May 2020. The main concept in this article is digital diplomacy. This concept illustrates the use of ICT as a means of diplomacy for state actors and changes at the policy and institutional levels. This article found various digital diplomacy activities from the Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations in New York, United States during the global pandemic COVID-19. These activities include: 1) coordination with Indonesia's Embassy and Consulate General in the United States to protect Indonesian citizens; 2) participation in UN Security Council virtual meeting to discuss international peace and security issues; and 3) participation in other UN bodies virtual meetings to discuss international development issues. This article argues that the impact of the COVID-19 global pandemic in the field of ICT is reflected in Indonesia's digital diplomacy at the United Nations. The global pandemic COVID-19 changed the means and tools used by Indonesian diplomats to gather information, negotiations, and responses on international issues. Even so, Indonesian diplomacy at the UN continues to run optimally.

 


Keywords


COVID-19, Digital Diplomacy, Indonesia, Information and Communications Technology (ICT)

References


Barston, R. P. (2013). Modern Diplomacy. New York: Routledge.

Bjola, C. (2016). Introduction: Making Sense of Digital Diplomacy. Dalam C. Bjola & M. Holmes (Eds.), Digital Diplomacy: Theory and Practice (pp. 1-10). New York: Routledge.

Bjola, C. & Kornprobst, M. (2018). Understanding International Diplomacy: Theory, Practice, and Ethics. New York: Routledge.

Gilboa, E. (2016). Digital Diplomacy. Dalam C. M. Constantinou, P. Kerr, & P. Sharp (Eds), The SAGE Handbook of Diplomacy (pp. 540-551). London: SAGE.

Heywood, A. (2011). Global Politics. New York: Palgrave.

Holmes, M. (2016a). Digital Diplomacy and International Change Management. Dalam C. Bjola & M. Holmes (Eds.), Digital Diplomacy: Theory and Practice (pp. 13-32). New York: Routledge.

Holmes, M. (2016b). Conclusion: The Future of Digital Diplomacy. Dalam C. Bjola & M. Holmes (Eds.), Digital Diplomacy: Theory and Practice (pp. 199-206). New York: Routledge.

Jönsson, C. (2012). Theorising Diplomacy. Dalam B. J. C. McKercher (Ed.), Routledge Handbook of Diplomacy and Statecraft (pp. 15-28). New York: Routledge.

Sotiriu, S. (2016). Digital Diplomacy: Between Promises and Realities. Dalam C. Bjola & M. Holmes (Eds.), Digital Diplomacy: Theory and Practice (pp. 33-51). New York: Routledge.

Internet

GIP Digital Watch (2020). UN GGE and OEWG. Diperoleh dari https://dig.watch/processes/un-gge

Indonesiaunny. (2020a). Dalam Halaman Facebook Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations. Diperoleh dari https://www.facebook.com/story.php?story_fbid=3325522714144110&id=1722596714436726

indonesiaunny. (2020b). Dalam Halaman Facebook Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations. Diperoleh dari https://www.facebook.com/indonesiaunny/videos/644808326062853/

indonesiaunny. (2020c). Dalam Halaman Facebook Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations. Diperoleh dari https://www.facebook.com/story.php?story_fbid=3328319130531135&id=1722596714436726

indonesiaunny. (2020d). Dalam Halaman Facebook Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations. Diperoleh dari https://www.facebook.com/story.php?story_fbid=3328311967198518&id=1722596714436726

indonesiaunny. (2020e). Dalam Halaman Facebook Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations. Diperoleh dari https://www.facebook.com/story.php?story_fbid=3329513627078352&id=1722596714436726

indonesiaunny. (2020f). Dalam Halaman Facebook Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations. Diperoleh dari https://www.facebook.com/story.php?story_fbid=3329518697077845&id=1722596714436726

indonesiaunny. (2020g). Dalam Halaman Facebook Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations. Diperoleh dari https://www.facebook.com/story.php?story_fbid=3344955995534115&id=1722596714436726

indonesiaunny. (2020h). Dalam Halaman Facebook Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations. Diperoleh dari https://www.facebook.com/story.php?story_fbid=3367306499965731&id=1722596714436726

indonesiaunny. (2020i). Dalam Halaman Facebook Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations. Diperoleh dari https://www.facebook.com/indonesiaunny/posts/3374579795905068

indonesiaunny. (2020j). Dalam Halaman Facebook Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations. Diperoleh dari https://www.facebook.com/story.php?story_fbid=3382746941755020&id=1722596714436726

indonesiaunny. (2020k). Dalam Halaman Facebook Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations. Diperoleh dari https://www.facebook.com/story.php?story_fbid=3432161996813514&id=1722596714436726

Kementerian Luar Negeri Republik Indonesia. (2019a). Keanggotaan Tidak Tetap Indonesia pada Dewan Keamanan PBB Periode 2019-2020. Diperoleh dari https://kemlu.go.id/portal/id/read/147/halaman_list_lainnya/keanggotaan-indonesia-pada-dk-pbb

Kementerian Luar Negeri Republik Indonesia. (2019b). Indonesia Gaungkan Diplomasi Digital di Kawasan. Diperoleh dari https://kemlu.go.id/portal/id/read/584/berita/indonesia-calls-for-digital-diplomacy-in-the-region

Kementerian Luar Negeri Republik Indonesia. (2020a). Kebijakan Tambahan Pemerintah Indonesia Terkait Perlintasan Orang Dari dan Ke Indonesia. Diperoleh dari https://kemlu.go.id/portal/id/read/1135/siaran_pers/kebijakan-tambahan-pemerintah-indonesia-terkait-perlintasan-orang-dari-dan-ke-indonesia

Kementerian Luar Negeri Republik Indonesia. (2020b). Indonesia Sukses Loloskan Resolusi PBB Perdana Tentang Solidaritas Global Atasi COVID-19. Diperoleh dari https://kemlu.go.id/portal/id/read/1160/berita/indonesia-successfully-passes-the-first-un-resolution-on-global-solidarity-to-overcome-covid-19

Kementerian Luar Negeri Republik Indonesia. (2020c). Indonesia Tegaskan Prioritasnya Untuk Lindungi Penduduk Sipil, Termasuk Dari Kelaparan. Diperoleh dari https://kemlu.go.id/newyork-un/id/news/6335/indonesia-reaffirms-their-priority-to-protect-civilians-including-from-hunger

Kementerian Luar Negeri Republik Indonesia. (2020d). Statement at the United Nations Security Council Briefing: Protecting Civilians affected by Conflict-induced Hunger. Diperoleh dari https://kemlu.go.id/newyork-un/id/read/statement-at-the-united-nations-security-council-briefing-protecting-civilians-affected-by-conflict-induced-hunger/3531/etc-menu

Kementerian Luar Negeri Republik Indonesia. (2020e). Respon dan Upaya Pemulihan dari COVID-19 di Asia-Pasifik, diperoleh dari https://kemlu.go.id/newyork-un/id/news/6661/response-and-recovery-efforts-from-covid-19-in-asia-pacific

Kementerian Luar Negeri Republik Indonesia. (2020f). Indonesia Stressed on Member-Driven Approach to Fight COVID19 and Build More Resilient Societies in ECOSOC. Diperoleh dari https://kemlu.go.id/newyork-un/id/news/6759/indonesia-stressed-on-member-driven-approach-to-fight-covid19-and-build-more-resilient-societies-in-ecosoc

Kementerian Luar Negeri Republik Indonesia. (2020g). ECOSOC Operational Activities Development Segment. Diperoleh dari https://kemlu.go.id/newyork-un/en/read/ecosoc-operational-activities-development-segment/3658/etc-menu

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. (2020). Coronavirus: The World Economy at Risk. Diperoleh dari https://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/economics/oecd-economic-outlook/volume-2019/issue-2_7969896b-en

Shapiro, D. B. & Rakov, D. (2020). Will Zoomplomacy Last?. Diperoleh dari https://foreignpolicy.com/2020/05/18/will-zoomplomacy-last/

United Nations. (2019a). Secretary-General Presents First Annual Budget in Over 45 Years to Fifth Committee, Proposing $2.87 Billion for 2020 Focused on Strategic Priorities, Reforms. Diperoleh dari https://www.un.org/press/en/2019/gaab4330.doc.htm

United Nations. (2019b). Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Diperoleh dari https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/post2015/transformingourworld

United Nations. (2019c). Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). Diperoleh dari https://www.un.org/disarmament/wmd/nuclear/npt/

United Nations. (2020a). Global Solidarity to Fight COVID-19. Diperoleh dari https://www.un.org/pga/74/2020/03/30/global-solidarity-to-fight-covid-19/

United Nations. (2020b). Secretary-General's Appeal for Global Ceasefire. Diperoleh dari https://www.un.org/sg/en/content/sg/statement/2020-03-23/secretary-generals-appeal-for-global-ceasefire

United Nations. (2020c). Guiding Operational Activities for Development. Diperoleh dari https://www.un.org/ecosoc/en/oas-qcpr

United Nations. (2020d). UN Development System Reform 101. Diperoleh dari https://reform.un.org/content/un-development-system-reform-101

Vieru, O., Tkhlashidze, E., Harutyunyan, A., & Uraguchi, Z. B. (2020). Turning the Coronavirus Challenges into Opportunities. Diperoleh dari https://www.helvetas.org/en/switzerland/how-you-can-help/follow-us/blog/inclusive-systems/Corona-opportunities

World Health Organization. (2020a). Q&A on Coronaviruses (COVID-19). Dirperoleh dari https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/question-and-answers-hub/q-a-detail/q-a-coronaviruses

World Health Organization. (2020b). WHO Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Dashboard. Diperoleh dari https://covid19.who.int/




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33822/3

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 842 times
PDF (Bahasa Indonesia) - 422 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.