The Role and Impact of Australian Refugee Policy in Asia-Pacific Region: From Australia-Cambodia Agreement to Rohingya Crisis

Muhammad Ridho Inzaghi Putra Afira

Abstract


The issues of refugees has been a regional challenges that block the potential of Australia''s role in the Asia-Pacific. This article aims to discuss how Australian refugee policy influences its role in the Asia-Pacific Region. Therefore, this article will examine the background of Australia''s foreign policy towards the Asia-Pacific region from a historical perspective, how Australia made its policy regarding refugees, and discuss some of the latest issues to illustrate how this policy affects Australia''s role in the Asia-Pacific, namely: the agreement with Cambodia (2014), the Manus Island crisis (2017) and Australia''s response to the Rohingya crisis (2017). The author argues that the dynamics of domestic politics in Australia affect Australia's policy towards refugees. In the final analysis, Australia has been trying to limit refugees due to the domestic fear in Australia towards refugees, which has an impact on Australian policy and its role in the Asia-Pacific region.


Keywords


refugees, Australia, Asia-Pacific region, Australia-Cambodia agreement on refugees, Manus Island crisis, Rohingya crisis

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bronstein, P. (2017, September 19). UN scaling up assistance as number of Rohingya refugees grows to over 400,000 . UN News. https://news.un.org/en/story/2017/09/565222-un-scaling-assistance-number-rohingya-refugees-grows-over-400000

Capling, A. (2008). Twenty years of Australia’s engagement with Asia. Pacific Review, 21(5), 601–622. https://doi.org/10.1080/09512740802457344

Connors, M. K., Davison, R., & Dosch, J. (2011). The New Global Politics of the Asia Pacific. Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203808993

Doherty, B. (2017, October 19). “Unacceptable”: UN committee damns Australia’s record on human rights . The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2017/oct/19/unacceptable-un-committee-damns-australias-record-on-human-rights

Edwards, P. (2014). Australia and the Vietnam War. University of New South Wales Press.

Elizabeth, C. D., Setyawanta, Lt., & Trihastuti, N. (2016). Kebijakan Operation Sovereign Borders Australia dalam Penanganan Manusia Perahu dan Implikasinya terhadap Kedaulatan Indonesia. DIPONEGORO LAW JOURNAL, 5(3). http://www.ejournal-s1.undip.ac.id/index.php/dlr/

Fraenkel, J. (2016). Australia’s detention centres on Manus Island and Nauru: An end of constructive pacific engagement? Journal of Pacific History, 51(3), 278–285. https://doi.org/10.1080/00223344.2016.1233802

Gleeson, M. (2016, September 21). The Australia-Cambodia Refugee Relocation Agreement Is Unique, But Does Little to Improve Protection . Migration Policy Institute. https://www.migrationpolicy.org/article/australia-cambodia-refugee-relocation-agreement-unique-does-little-improve-protection

Gurry, M. (1995). Identifying Australia’s Region’: From Evatt to Evans. Australian Journal of International Affairs, 49(1), 17–31. https://doi.org/10.1080/10357719508445143

Holmes, O., & Doherty, B. (2017, September 19). Australia offers to pay Rohingya refugees to return to Myanmar . The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/sep/19/australia-offers-pay-rohingya-refugees-return-myanmar

Howard, J. (2001, February 19). Transcript of the Prime Minister the Hon MP address at Federation Frontline Centrepiece Event, Darwin. Australian Government Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet. https://pmtranscripts.pmc.gov.au/release/transcript-12321

Human Rights Watch. (2000). Burma/Bangladesh: Burmese Refugees In Bangladesh - Discrimination in Arakan. https://www.hrw.org/reports/2000/burma/burm005-02.htm

Hutchens, G. (2017, September 21). Peter Dutton refuses to say if Rohingya refugees being returned to Myanmar . The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2017/sep/21/peter-dutton-rohingya-refugees-myanmar

Karlsen, E., & Phillips, J. (2017). Developments in Australian refugee law and policy: the Abbott and Turnbull Coalition governments (2013-2016). Parliament of Australia.

Leibo, S. A. (2012). East &Southeast Asia 2012 (45th ed.). Stryker-Post Publications.

Maguire, A., & Monaghan, G. (2017, October 30). Manus detention centre closure sparks safety fears for refugees. The Conversation. https://theconversation.com/manus-detention-centre-closure-sparks-safety-fears-for-refugees-84460

McGowan, M. (2017, November 5). Turnbull says he will consider NZ refugee deal only after US resettlements . The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2017/nov/05/kevin-andrews-breaks-ranks-with-coalition-over-new-zealand-refugee-deal

Taylor, S. (2017). Refugee Protection in the Asia Pacific Region . Rights in Exile Programme. http://www.refugeelegalaidinformation.org/refugee-protection-asia-pacific-region

UNHCR. (2017). Asia and the Pacific. The United Nations Refugee Agency. https://www.unhcr.org/pages/4a02d8ec6.html




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33822/mjihi.v4i1.1851

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 173 times
PDF - 57 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons LicenseThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License