Determinants of Active Aging Affect Healthy Life Expectation


  • Ria Maria Theresa Universitas Pembangunan Nasional Veteran Jakarta
  • Marlina dewiastuti FK UPN Veteran Jakarta
  • Melly Kristanti Universitas Pembangunan Nasional Veteran Jakarta
  • Cantika Vadia Aqli Universitas Pembangunan Nasional Veteran Jakarta



Active Aging, Eldery, Health Life Expectancy


Life expectancy is an indicator of successful health development. It is estimated the elderly population will increase along with the increase in life expectancy, in 2050 there will be an increase 3 times in the number of elderly from 2013. The increase in the number of elderly raises a health sector complicated problem. The elderly group will experience a decrease in health status either naturally or due to illness. Goals of the health program focus on life expectancy. West Java is the largest proportion with  Indramayu a city in West Java that has a target life expectancy that reaches the target. The government's efforts to improve the elderly welfare are realized in various programs so that an increase in the elderly population does not increase health problems.  Indicators of elderly health can be measured by active aging (AA).. The determinants of the AA component, which include health and well-being, are indicators for assessing healthy life expectancy in the elderly. Assessment of healthy life expectancy is assessed from several determinants. Assessment of healthy life expectancy can determine health development targets, especially in the elderly. This study associated dietary patterns and smoking habits with increased healthy life expectancy.


Kemetrian Kesehatan RI. Infodatin “Situasi dan Analisis Lanjut Usia.” Geriatric. Published online 2014:8.

Redaksi D. Kata Pengantar. Patra Widya Seri Pnb Penelit Sej dan Budaya. 2020;21(3):i-iii. doi:10.52829/pw.310

Suryadi S. Dampak Peningkatan Usia Harapan Hidup Penduduk Indonesia Terhadap Struktur Demografi Dan Perawatan Lanjut Usia. Empower J Pengemb Masy Islam. 2018;3(2). doi:10.24235/empower.v3i2.3515

Tareque I, Hoque N, Islam TM, Kawahara K, Sugawa M. Active Aging Index and Healthy Life Expectancy in Bangladesh. Appl Demogr public Heal. Published online 2013:257–275.

Zaidi A, Um J. the New Asian Active Ageing Index: a Case Study of Gender Differences Between Two Asean Member Countries, Indonesia and Thailand. Asia-Pacific Sustain Dev J. 2021;28(1).

Davis BH. Building evidence for active ageing policies: active aging index and its potential. Act Adapt Aging. 2020;44(4):343-345. doi:10.1080/01924788.2020.1823114

Stiefel MC, Perla RJ, Zell BL. A healthy bottom line: Healthy life expectancy as an outcome measure for health improvement efforts. Milbank Q. 2010;88(1):30-53. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0009.2010.00588.x

Ranabhat CL, Atkinson J, Park MB, Kim CB, Jakovljevic M. The influence of universal health coverage on life expectancy at birth (LEAB) and healthy life expectancy (HALE): A multi-country cross-sectional study. Front Pharmacol. 2018;9(SEP):1-10. doi:10.3389/fphar.2018.00960

Martinez R, Morsch P, Soliz P, Hommes C, Ordunez P. Life expectancy , healthy life expectancy , and burden of disease in older people in the Americas , 1990 – 2019 : a population-based study. Published online 2021:1-14.

Healthy Life Expectancy at Age 60 : 2000 to 2016 People Are Living Longer ,. 2016;(Li):2016.

HLE Calculator.

Ala-mutka K. Active Ageing and the Potential of ICT for Learning.; 2008. doi:10.2791/33182

Wongsala M, Anbäcken E, Rosendahl S. Active ageing – perspectives on health , participation , and security among older adults in northeastern Thailand – a qualitative study. Published online 2021:1-10.

Illario M, Vollenbroek-hutten M, Molloy DW, Menditto E, Iaccarino G, Eklund P. Active and Healthy Ageing and Independent Living. 2015;2015.

Komunitas JK, Active L, Payung P. Jurnal kesehatan komunitas (. 2021;7(2):208-213.

Droomers M, Schrijvers CTM, Mackenbach JP. Educational level and decreases in leisure time physical activity : predictors from the longitudinal GLOBE study. Published online 2001:562-568.

Indonesia Life Expectancy 1950-2023 _ MacroTrends.

Guralnik JM, Balfour JL, Volpato S. The ratio of older women to men : Historical perspectives and cross-national comparisons. 2000;12(2):65-76.

Ekmekcioglu C. Nutrition and longevity – From mechanisms to uncertainties. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2019;0(0):1-20. doi:10.1080/10408398.2019.1676698

Manuel J, Villavicencio F, Basellini U, Kjærgaard S. Dynamics of life expectancy and life span equality. Published online 2020. doi:10.1073/pnas.1915884117

Brønnum-hansen H, Juel K. Abstention from smoking extends life and compresses morbidity : a population based study of health expectancy among smokers and never smokers in Denmark. Published online 2001:273-278.

Østbye T, Taylor DH. Smoking and Substance Abuse The Effect of Smoking on Years of Healthy Life ( YHL ) Lost among Middle-Aged and Older Americans. Published online 2000:531-552.

Zaninotto P, Head J, Steptoe A. Behavioural risk factors and healthy life expectancy : evidence from two longitudinal studies of ageing in England and the US. Published online 2020:1-9. doi:10.1038/s41598-020-63843-6




How to Cite

theresa, R. M. T., dewiastuti, M., Kristanti, M., & cantika. (2023). Determinants of Active Aging Affect Healthy Life Expectation. Jurnal Profesi Medika : Jurnal Kedokteran Dan Kesehatan, 17(1).