The Effect of High-Intensity Interval Training on Blood Lactate Levels and Rate of Perceived Exertion in Sedentary Healthy Adults


  • Nur Ahlina Damayanti Department of Physical Health & Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia.
  • Nury Nusdwinuringtyas Department of Physical Health & Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia.
  • Tresia Fransiska Uliana Tambunan Department of Physical Health & Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia.
  • Aria Kekalih Department of Physical Health & Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia.



High intensity interval training, HIIT, Lactate, Rate of perceived exertion


The high-intensity interval training has been seen to be beneficial for various populations. This study aimed to determine the effect of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on blood lactate levels and rate of perceived exertion (RPE) in sedentary healthy adults. A pre-post study was conducted on adults that were stated healthy and sedentary on physical activity. All participants were given HIIT with a total duration of 20 minutes for 12 sessions using a treadmill. Blood lactate level and RPE was recorded on the 1st and 12th session. A significant decrease in blood lactate level and RPE after giving HIIT was found with a reduction of 1,1 mmol/ L and 2 on the Borg Scale respectively (p<0.0001). Further research is needed using field-based exercise testing to determine exercise prescription and to obtain the benefit of HIIT in populations with cardiovascular risk factors before utilizing it in patients.


Gibala MJ, Mcgee SL. Metabolic Adaptations to Short-term High-Intensity Interval Training : A Little Pain for a Lot of Gain ?

Gibala M. Physiological adaptations to low-volume high intensity interval training. Sport Sci Exch 2015; 28: 1–6.

Gibala MJ, Little JP, Macdonald MJ, et al. Physiological adaptations to low-volume, high-intensity interval training in health and disease. J Physiol 2012; 590: 1077–1084.

Laursen PB, Jenkins DG. The scientific basis for high-intensity interval training: optimising training programmes and maximising performance in highly trained endurance athletes. Sport Med 2002; 32: 53–73.

Alkahtani SA, King NA, Hills AP, et al. Effect of interval training intensity on fat oxidation, blood lactate and the rate of perceived exertion in obese men. Springerplus 2013; 2: 1–10.

Talanian JL, Galloway SDR, Heigenhauser GJF, et al. Two weeks of high-intensity aerobic interval training increases the capacity for fat oxidation during exercise in women. J Appl Physiol 2006; 102: 1439–1447.

Rognmo Ø, Hetland E, Helgerud J, et al. High intensity aerobic interval exercise is superior to moderate intensity exercise for increasing aerobic capacity in patients with coronary artery disease. Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 2004; 11: 216–222.

Warburton DER, McKenzie DC, Haykowsky MJ, et al. Effectiveness of high-intensity interval training for the rehabilitation of patients with coronary artery disease. Am J Cardiol 2005; 95: 1080–1084.

Kortianou EA, Nasis IG, Spetsioti ST, et al. Effectiveness of Interval Exercise Training in Patients with COPD. Cardiopulm Phys Ther J 2010; 21: 12–9.

Felippe LC, Ferreira GA, De-Oliveira F, et al. Arterialized and venous blood lactate concentration difference during different exercise intensities. J Exerc Sci Fit 2017; 15: 22–26.

Coutts AJ, Rampinini E, Marcora SM, et al. Heart rate and blood lactate correlates of perceived exertion during small-sided soccer games. J Sci Med Sport 2009; 12: 79–84.

Alansare A, Alford K, Lee S, et al. The effects of high-intensity interval training vs. Moderate-intensity continuous training on heart rate variability in physically inactive adults. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018; 15: 1–10.

Elboim-Gabyzon M, Buxbaum R, Klein R. The effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on fall risk factors in healthy older adults: A systematic review. Int J Environ Res Public Health; 18. Epub ahead of print 2021. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph182211809.

Wolin KY, Heil DP, Askew S, et al. Wolin KY, Heil DP, Askew S, Matthews CE, Bennett GG. Validation of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Short among Blacks. J Phys Act Health. 2008 Sep;5(5):746-60. J Phys Act Heal 2008; 5: 746–760.

Valenti VE, Souza C, Abreu LC De. Peak expiratory flow values are higher in older and taller healthy male children : An observational study. Epub ahead of print 2010. DOI: 10.25011/cim.v33i2.12347.

Rosenberg DE, Bull FC, Marshall AL, et al. Assessment of Sedentary Behavior With the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. 2008; 30–45.

Ding D, Sallis JF, Hovell MF, et al. Physical activity and sedentary behaviours among rural adults in suixi , china : a cross-sectional study. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 2011; 8: 37.

Fauzan A. Faktor-Faktor yang mempengaruhi Nilai Arus Puncak Batuk pada dewasa muda sehat Indonesia. Universitas Indonesia, 2016.

Church TS, Martin CK, Thompson AM, et al. Changes in Weight , Waist Circumference and Compensatory Responses with Different Doses of Exercise among Sedentary , Overweight Postmenopausal Women. 2009; 4: 1–11.

Herianto, Dewi CR. Analisis dan profil tingkat kebugaran mahasiswa jurusan teknik mesin dan industri universitas gadjah mada yogyakarta. J Teknosains 2012; 2: 1–7.

Melanson EL, Gozansky WS, Barry DW, et al. When energy balance is maintained , exercise does not induce negative fat balance in lean sedentary , obese sedentary , or lean endurance-trained individuals. 2009; 80045: 1847–1856.

Mullen SP, Olson EA, Phillips SM, et al. Measuring enjoyment of physical activity in older adults : invariance of the physical activity enjoyment scale ( paces ) across groups and time. Epub ahead of print 2011. DOI: 10.1186/1479-5868-8-103.

Sims ST, Larson JC, Hutchinson F, et al. Physical Activity and Body Mass: Changes in Younger versus Older Postmenopausal Women. Med Sci Sport Exerc.

Tudor-locke CE, Myers AM. Challenges and Opportunities for Measuring Physical Activity in Sedentary Adults. 2001; 31: 91–100.

Cleland C, Ferguson S, Ellis G, et al. Validity of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire ( IPAQ ) for assessing moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and sedentary behaviour of older adults in the United Kingdom. 2018; 3: 1–12.

American College of Sports Medicine. ACSM’s Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription. 10th ed. Philadelphia: Walters Kluwer, 2018.

Owen N, Sugiyama T, Eakin EE, et al. Adults’ Sedentary Behavior. AMEPRE 2011; 41: 189–196.

Aparecida E, Belén A, Jose P, et al. What is the most effective exercise protocol to improve cardiovascular fitness in overweight and obese subjects ? †. J Sport Heal Sci 2017; 6: 454–461.

Vanhecke TE, Franklin BA, Miller WM, et al. Clinical Investigations Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Sedentary Lifestyle in the Morbidly Obese. 2009; 124: 121–124.

Green H, Tupling R, Roy B, et al. Adaptations in skeletal muscle exercise metabolism to a sustained session of heavy intermittent exercise. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 2000; 118–126.

Macedo DV, Lazarim FL, Oliveira F, et al. Is lactate production related to muscular fatigue ? A pedagogical proposition using empirical facts. 2018; 302–307.

Bonilla DA, Petro JL, Vargas-molina S, et al. Comparison of blood lactate and perceived exertion responses in two matched time- under-tension protocols. 2020; 1–11.

Borg G. Borg’s Perceived Exertion And Pain Scales. 1998.




How to Cite

Damayanti, N. A., Nusdwinuringtyas, N., Uliana Tambunan, T. F., & Kekalih, A. (2022). The Effect of High-Intensity Interval Training on Blood Lactate Levels and Rate of Perceived Exertion in Sedentary Healthy Adults. Jurnal Profesi Medika : Jurnal Kedokteran Dan Kesehatan, 16(2).