PERBUATAN MELAWAN HUKUM DALAM PERTANGGUNGJAWABAN DOKTER TERHADAP TINDAKAN MALPRAKTIK MEDIS

I Gusti Ayu Apsari Hadi

Sari


Medical malpractice remains a problem in health that has not been clearly regulated in a national legislation. But the elements are already contained in Act No. 36 of 2009 on Health which includes criminal law enforcement, administration and civil law. In the perspective of civil law a medical malpractice is an unlawful act conduct that complies with the provisions of The Civil Code. This research based on normative juridical method within primary dan secondary legal materials. The results of this study indicate that the lawsuit of unlawful act (onrechtamtige daad) in medical malpractice is regulated in Article 1365 of the Civil Code with elements :  1) the patient must experience a tort; 2) there are errors or missions (in addition to individuals, hospitals may have duty for errors or missions); 3) there are causal between tort and error; 4) The act is unlawful. In addition, the responsibility of the unlawful act against the medical malpractice ased on Article 1365 of the Civil Code is can be material and immaterial compensation that have a related between errors and torts.


Kata Kunci


The Unlawful Act, Duty, Malpractice, Medical

Teks Lengkap:

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Referensi


DAFTAR PUSTAKA

Buku:

A. Garner, Bryan. 2006. Black’s Law Dictionary, Thomson West

Fuady, Munir. 2005. Sumpah Hippocrates (Aspek Hukum Malpraktek Dokter), Jakarta: PT. Citra Aditya Bakti

Hatta, Moh. 2013. Hukum Kesehatan dan Sengketa Medik, Yogyakarta: Liberty

Indriyanti Dewi, Alexandra. 2008. Etika dan Hukum Kesehatan, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Book Publisher

Siswati, Sri. 2015. Etika dan Hukum Kesehatan, Jakarta: PT RajaGrafindo Persada

Jurnal:

Andi Fitriono, Riska, Budi Setyanto dan Rehnalemken Ginting, “Penegakan Hukum Malpraktik Melalui Pendekatan Mediasi Penal,” Yustisia, Vol. 5 No. 1 2016

Dameria, Rini, Achmad Busro dan Dewi Hendrawati, “Perbuatan Melawan Hukum Dalam Tindakan Medis dan Penyelesaiannya di Mahkamah Agung (Studi Kasus Perkara Putusan Mahkamah Agung Nomor 352/PK/PDT/2010),” Diponegoro Law Journal, Vol. 6, No. 1 2017

I Gusti Ayu Apsari Hadi, “Pertanggungjawaban Pejabat Pemerintahan Dalam Tindakan Diskresi Pasca Berlakunya Undang-Undang No. 30 Tahun 2014 Tentang Administrasi Pemerintahan,” Kertha Patrika, Vol. 39 No.1 2017

Venny Sulistyani, Zulhasmar Syamsu, “Pertanggungjawaban Perdata Seorang Dokter Dalam Kasus Malpraktik Medis,” Lex Jurnalica, Vol. 12 No. 2 2015

Peraturan Perundang-Undangan :

R. Subekti & R. Tjitrosudibio, Kitab Undang-Undang Hukum Perdata

Undang-Undang No. 29 Tahun 2004 tentang Praktik Kedokteran

Undang-Undang No. 36 Tahun 2009 tentang Kesehatan


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