Bambang Widarto


In the fact there was a shooting of a civilian by a military aircraft either with water-to-air
missiles with aircraft or ground-to-air missiles. In this paper formulated problems: How the
regulation of a country as contracting party of Chicago Convention respects for civil aviation
safety and how the Chicago Convention regulate to refrain from using weapons against civil
aircraft? The discussion also extends to how the conventions regulate respects and protection
against civil aircraft in time of war according to the law of international armed conflict (Law of
Armed Conflict); and how the provision of war crimes (war crimes) and crimes against
humanity (crimes against humanity) are related to the shooting of civil aircraft in the Rome
Statute of 1998?. Legal liability in accordance with the perpetrators of the events can be
associated with the provisions of international law which can be found in Article 3 bis Chicago
Convention of 1944, the Montreal Convention of 1971, the Beijing Convention of 2010, the
Beijing Protocol of 2010, the provisions of Crimes against humanity in the Rome Statute of
1998, and in time of war (armed conflict) may be associated with the Geneva Convention of
1944, Protocol 1 and 2, 1977, and the war crimes defined in the article 8 of Rome statute 1998

Kata Kunci

Legal liability, a shooting of civil aircraft, military aircraft

Teks Lengkap:



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Convention of Offences and Certain Other Acts Committed on Board of Aircraft, signed at Tokyo on September 14, 1963

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The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (often referred to as the International Criminal Court Statute or the Rome Statute) is the treaty that established the International Criminal Court (ICC). It was adopted at a diplomatic conference in Rome on 17 July 1998 and it entered into force on 1 July 2002.


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