The Impact of Global Climate Change on Environmental Migration in the Asia Pacific Region

Untari Narulita Madyar Dewi


Climate migration is an issue that has re-emerged along with the increasing threat of natural disasters and climate change. The complexity of international migration issues today is not only related to demographic factors, conflict, war, and economic factors. However, the implications of global climate change can become push and pull factors on the migration process. This study aims to find out the correlation between international migration issues and climate change that occurs in the Asia Pacific region. The theoretical frameworks used are the theory of international migration (Everett S. Lee) and the conceptual 'environmental migration' (Graeme Hugo). The research method used is qualitative research by prioritizing data collection based on literature studies and internet-based research. The results of this study show that there is a high risk due to climate change that must be faced by countries in the Asia Pacific region and the driving factors of migrating people in the Asia Pacific region are interpreted as mitigation measures from the threat of natural disasters.


Asia and the Pacific, Climate Change, Climate Migration, Environmental Migration, International Migration

Full Text:



Achsin, M. Z., & Rosalinda, H. (2021). Teori-Teori Migrasi Internasional. Universitas Brawijaya Press.

ADB. (2011). Climate Change and Migration in Asia and the Pacific Climate Change and Migration in Asia and the Pacific Draft Edition.

Afira, M. R. I. P. (2021). The Role and Impact of Australian Refugee Policy in Asia-Pacific Region: From Australia-Cambodia Agreement to Rohingya Crisis Muhammad. Mandala: Jurnal Ilmu Hubungan Internasional, 4(1), 102–113.

Anam, S. (2020). Examining The International Relations Theory Of The Asia Pacific. Mandala: Jurnal Ilmu Hubungan Internasional, 3(2), 134–148.

Asian Development Bank. (2012). Addressing climate change and migration in Asia and the Pacific : final report. 93.

Bakry, U. S. (2016). Metode Penelitian Hubungan Internasional (2016th ed.). Pustaka Pelajar.

Boano, C., Zetter, R., & Morris, T. (2008). Environmentally displaced people: Understanding the linkages between environmental change, livelihoods and forced migration (Issue November). Refugee Studies Centre.

Bojang. (2018). The Study of Foreign Policy in International Relations. Journal of Political Sciences & Public Affairs, 06(04).

Brown, O. (2008). Migration and Climate Change No.31.

Dadang. (2012). Sadar Pemanasan Global.

Dewi, P. R. K. (2018). Climate Change Will Cause The Next Migrant Crisis : Studi Kasus Kiribati. Jurnal PIR : Power in International Relations, 2(1), 82–102.

Fitzgerald, C. (2022). Australia: International Agreements as Obligation in the Case of Climate Change. E-International Relations.

Hugo, G. (1996). Environmental Concerns and International Migration. International Migration Review, XXX(1), 105–131.

International Monetery Fund. (2018). Asia di Garis Depan : Tantangan Pertumbuhan untuk Dekade Berikutnya dan Selanjutnya. In IMF. negara maju&sort=relevancy

IOM. (2009). Migration, Environment and Climate Change: Assessing The Evidence. International Organization for Migration.

IOM. (2017). Migration, Environment and Climate Change: IOM Activities in Asia and the Pacific.

John W, C. (2013). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. Sage Publications Inc, 4.

K. Bardsley, D., & J. Hugo, G. (2010). Migration and climate change: examining thresholds of change to guide effective adaptation decision-making. Population and Environment, 32, 238–262.

Klepp, S., & Herbeck, J. (2016). The Politics of Environmental Migration and Climate Justice in the Pacific Region. Journal of Human Rights and the Environment, 7(1), 54–73.

Lee, E. S. (1996). A Theory of Migration. Demography, 3(1), 47–57.

Nanto, S. (2016). Politik Luar Negeri Indonesia dan Isu Migrasi Internasional: Suatu Pengantar. In Politik Luar Negeri Indonesia dan Isu Migrasi Internasional (pp. 2–16).

Oates, J. A. H. (2012). Annex 1: Glossary of Terms. Lime and Limestone, 403–424.

Pacheco-Vega, R. (2017). The Environment. In International Relations (p. 165).

Risdaryanto, D. R. (2021). Kuliah Tamu: Migrasi sebagai Akibat dari Perubahan Iklim dari Sudut Pandang Hukum Lingkungan Internasional. Universitas Airlangga.

Satria. (2011). Konflik dan Perubahan Iklim Penyebab Terjadinya Migrasi. Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Sucipto, P., & Mulyana, E. (2021). Pemanfaatan Kerja Sama Regional Kawasan Asia dan Pasifik. Sekretariat Kabinet Indonesia.

UN OHRLLS. (2019). Climate Change and Migration in Vulnerable Countries.

UN, S.-G. (2021). Secretary-General Calls Latest IPCC Climate Report ‘Code Red for Humanity’, Stressing ‘Irrefutable’ Evidence of Human Influence.

World Bank. (2018a). Climate Change Could Force Over 140 Million to Migrate Within Countries by 2050: World Bank Report.

World Bank. (2018b). Groundswell: Preparing for Internal Climate Migration.

Zaenudin, A. (2021). Perubahan Iklim, Arena Perang Kita Saat Ini.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 225 times
PDF - 104 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons LicenseThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License