Respon ASEAN Terhadap Mundurnya India Dari Kerja Sama Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP)

Raden Maisa Yudono, Wiwiek Rukmi Dwi Astuti, M. Chairil Akbar Setiawan


Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is a cooperation framework formulated by ASEAN and 6 strategic partner countries and is the first proposal in ASEAN history to discuss comprehensive economic cooperation. RCEP is ASEAN's effort to strengthen its position as regional aktor in the Southeast Asian.  RCEP negotiations underwent changes during India's decision to withdraw from the RCEP negotiations, which prompted ASEAN to respond to these developments. This study fokuses on response taken by ASEAN to India's decision to withdraw from the RCEP negotiations. The concept used is soft regionalism which emphasizes geographic proximity, historical relations and the comparative advantage of the region. Soft regionalism is driven by not only by economic and business interests, but also market interests that become the energy of soft regionalism in Asia. This concept is functioning well because it conforms to the pragmatic Asian political conditions. The findings of this study is that ASEAN cannot be separated from the concept of soft regionalism in which it has been running, and still sees all changes through static point of view. ASEAN needs to make new breakthroughs in realizing comprehensive cooperation in the region.


RCEP, ASEAN, India, Soft Regionalism

Full Text:



Acharya, Amitav (2013), The Making of Souteast Asia : International Reation of a Region, Cornel Studies in Political Economy, Cornel University Press and ISEAS, London.

Acahrya, Amitav, Johnston, Alastair, (2007),Crafting Cooperation: Regional International Institutions In Comparative Perspectives, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Acharya, Amitav (2017) The Myth of ASEAN Centrality?” Contemporary Southeast Asia: A Journal of International and Strategic Affairs

Harrison, Lisa. (2007). Metode Penelitian Politik. Jakarta: Kencana

Chen, Y. (2016). Asia-Pasific Regional Economic Integration : Coopetition vs Conflict . Contemporary Chinese Political Economy and Strategic Relations:, 141-171.

Fukunaga, Y. (2014). ASEAN’s Leadership in the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership . Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies, 103-115.

Ganapathi, M. (Vol. 14, No. 3, July–September 2019). Act East in India’s Foreign Policy: India-ASEAN. Indian Foreign Affairs Journal, 195-206.

Hsu, K. (2013). The RCEP: Integrating India into the Asian. Indian Foreign Affairs Journal, 41-51.

Keohane, Robert O., and Joseph S. Nye.(1977). Power and Interdependence Revisited. International Organization / Volume 41 / Issue 04 / September 1987, pp 725 - 753

Mitrany, D. (1948) ‘The Functional Approach to World Organisation’, International Affairs, 24. International Affairs (Royal Institute of International Affairs 1944-), Vol. 24, No. 3 (Jul. , 1948), pp. 350-363

Baylis, John, Smith, Steve, Owen, Patricia (2014). Globalization of World Politics : An Introduction To International Relations. Oxford, Oxford University Press.

Mueller, L. M. (2019). ASEAN centrality under threat – the cases of RCEP and connectivity. Journal of Contemporary East Asia Studies, 177-198.

Moleong, L.J. 2004.Metode Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: PT. Remaja Rosda karya

Oba, M. (2019). Further development of Asian regionalism: institutional hedging in an uncertain era . Journal of Contemporary East Asia Studies, 125-140.

Oba, M. (2019, November 14). The Implications of India's Withdrawal Regional trade initiatives just got more complicated . Retrieved from The Diplomat:

Palit, A. (2019, November 494). Domestic Politics Force India’s Withdrawal from

Sharma, J., & Varshney, S. K. (Vol.1 No. 2 March 2019). Science Diplomacy and Cooperation in Science and Technology in India. Science Diplomacy Review, 11-22.

Steans, Jill, et al.(2010) An Introduction To International Relations Theory : Perspectives and Themes. London, Pearson Longman.

Strange, S. (1992). States, firms and diplomacy. International Affairs, 68(1), 1–15.

Wardani, R. Y. (Vol. 6, Iss. 2, Pgs. 15, 2020). India’s Readiness for the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership. Management and Economics Research Journal, 1-15.

Zhao, S. (2013). From Soft to Structured Regionalism: Building Regional Institutions in the Asia Pasific . J Glob Policy Gov, 145-166.

Berger, Blake(2020) What RCEP Means For Indo-Pacific, retrieved from

Chongkittavorn, Kavi (2020), RCEP Shouldn't Leave India Out, retrieved from

Gonzalez, Anabel (2019), Bridging the Divide between Developed and Developing Countries in WTO Negotiations, retrieved from


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 919 times
PDF - 462 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons LicenseThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License