Factors Associated with Stunting in Children Aged 0-24 Months : Studies in Sukaluyu, Karawang, Indonesia (Citarum Project)

Silvia Mawarti Perdana, Afrinia Ekasari


The period of early life (0-24 months) is a golden period of growth and development that determines the quality of health in the next age. Double malnutrition, including stunting, at the early life will inhibit the growth and development, also increase the risk of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) in the next stages of life. Methods: This study was aimed to analyze prevalence and factors associated with stunting in children aged 0-24 months in Sukaluyu, Karawang, Indonesia (Citarum Project). A cross sectional study was conducted in 130 childrens aged 0-24 months during oktober-november 2018 in Sukaluyu Village, Karawang District, Indonesia (sector 17 of citarum harum project). The data were collected by questionnaires and anthropometric assessment. Pearson correlation was used to analyze the association between birth weight, early breastfeeding initiation, breast milk, and hygiene and healthy lifestyle. Results: The prevalence of stunting (length/height for age z-scores < -2.0) among children was 20% (male 58%, female 42%). Factor associated with stunting among children was breast milk (p<0.05), meanwhile for birth weight, early breastfeeding initiation, and hygiene and healthy lifestyle are not associated. Conclusions: This study found that stunting can be prevented through exclusive breastfeeding (until 6 months) and continued for up to 2 years with giving complementary feeding.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.52023/ijns.v1i1.2518

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